OVERKILL: References, Bibliography, Notes

References, Bibliography, Notes

Note: Please email meepi@meepi.org if you find any links that no longer work. References are listed alphabetically by source or author.

1. Agnique® MMF web site at http://www.mosquitommf.com/mosquito/default.htm

2. Akhtar, N.,et al, (1996). Insecticide-induced changes in secretory activity of the thyroid gland in rats. Journal of Applied Toxicology, vol. 16, no. 5, pages 397-400, 26 references, 1996.

3. Aldridge, W.N. et al. Malathion Not as Safe as Believed - 5 Die - 2,800 Poisoned. Archives in Toxicology, 42:95-106, 1979.

4. Balasubramanian, K., et al. 1990 Effect of malathion administration on adrenal function in male albino rats. Med. Sci. Res. 18(4):129-130.

4a. Bateson, Patrick, et Al. Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs). London: The Royal Society, June 2000. http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/policy/index.html

5. Betzer, D.P. and Sjogren, R.D. 1986. Potential effects of altosid (Methoprene) briquet treatments on Eubranchipus bundyi (Anostraca: Chirocephalidae). J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 2(2):226-227.

6. Bircher, S. and Ruber, E. 1988. Toxicity of methoprene to all states of the salt marsh copepod, Apocyclops spartinus (Cyclopoida). J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 4(4)520-523.

7. Blood, Michael R. New York Daily News, 9/9/00. Artist: I'm A Victim Of Skeeter Spraying. http://www.nydailynews.com/2000-09-09/News_and_Views/City_Beat/a-79389.asp

7a. Browels, Peter. Newsday, Inc. 6/5/01. Today’s Newsday on Clarke Fines. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sprayno/message/3844

8. Burridge, L. E., and Haya, K. (1997). Lethality of pyrethrins to larvae and postlarvae of the American lobster (Homarus americanus). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 38, 150-154.

9. California Department of Food and Agriculture. Medical Toxicology Branch. 1990. Summary of toxicological data: Malathion. Sacramento, CA. (July 30.)

9a. Cambridge West Nile virus advisory committee. Ammendum to Cambridge WNv Response Plan. June 2001. Cambridge, MA.

9b. Cambridge Public Health Department. Cambridge West Nile virus Response Plan. May 2001. http://www.ci.cambridge.ma.us/special/wnvpublicinfo.pdf 10. Cantor, K.P. et al. 1992. Pesticides and other risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among men in Iowa and Minnesota. Cancer Res. 52:2447-2455.

11. Centers for Disease Control Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases. Questions and Answers About West Nile Virus. 4/4/01. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/q&a.htm

12. Centers for Disease Control. Epidemic/Epizootic West Nile Virus in the United States: Revised Guidelines for Surveillance, Prevention, and Control, April, 2001. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/resources/wnv-guidelines-apr-2001.pdf

13. Centers for Disease Control. Update: West Nile Virus Activity — Eastern United States, 2000, CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, November 24, 2000, Vol. 49, No. 46, pp. 1044-1047. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm4946a2.htm

13a. Centers for Disease Control. Update: West Nile Virus Activity — Eastern United States, 2000, CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, July 21, 2000. Vol. 49, No. 28. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm4928a3.htm

14 .Charman, Karen. West Nile Panic Attack: Media foment fear of virus and obscure pesticide concerns. Extra! (news magazine), November/December 2000. http://www.fair.org/extra/0011/west-nile.html

15. Chu, K.H., Wong, C,K. and Chuid, K.C. 1997. Effects of the insect growth regulator (S)-methoprene on survival and reporodution of the daphnia Moina macrocopa. Environmental Pollution. 96(2):173-178.

16. City of Boston Website. Pesticide Information. http://www.cityofboston.gov///////publichealth/virus2.asp

17. Citizens Campaign for the Environment, Port CAP, and Town of North Hempstead Ecological Commission. What You Should Know About West Nile Encephalitis, fact sheet. http://www.cfe.cornell.edu/risk/WNVPublicEd/CitCampEnv-WNEpubed.pdf

17a. Colangelo, Lisa L. New York Daily News, 4/1/01. City Forced on Its Own In Skeeter Fight. http://www.nydailynews.com/2001-04-01/News_and_Views/City_Beat/a-105588.asp

17b. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, Connecticut Mosquito Management Program. http://www.dep.state.ct.us/mosquito/WNvplan.pdf

17c. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, October 17, 2000. "Connecticut Confirms First Human Infection with West Nile Virus." http://www.dep.state.ct.us/mosquito/press/2000/as1017.htm

18. Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors. Pesticides and Breast Cancer Risk: An Evaluation of Dichlorvos. http://www.cfe.cornell.edu/bcerf/FactSheet/Pesticide/fs20.dichlorvos.cfm

19. Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors. Bibliography: Pyrethroids and the Risk of Breast Cancer. http://www.cfe.cornell.edu/bcerf/Bibliography/Pesticide/bib.pyrethroid.cfm

20. Devons, B.H. et al. 1985. O,O,S-trimethyl phosphorothioate effects on immunocompetence. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 24:251-259.

21. Dee, Jane E. Lobster Die-Off Spreads To Other Sound Sea Life. The Hartford Courant May 11, 2000. http://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/LILobsters/LobsterMedia/HC-Lobster051100.htm

22. Diel, F. Et al. Pyrethroids and piperonyl butoxide affect human T-lymphocytes in vitro. Toxicology Letters , Vol. 107, Nos. 1-3, June 1999, pgs. 65-74.

23. Eil, C., and Nisula, B. C. (1990). The binding properties of pyrethroids to human skin fibroblast androgen receptors and to sex hormone binding globulin. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, March 1990, volume 35, issue 3-4, pages 409-414.

24. Elliot, M, et al. 1972. Metabolic Fate of Pyrethrin I, Pyrethrin II, and Allethrin Administered Orally to Rats. J. Agr. Food Chem. 20: 300-312.

25. Environmental Advocates. Toward Safer Mosquito Control in New York State. January 2000. http://www.crisny.org/not-for-profit/nycap/mosquitopaper.htm

25a. Epstein, Paul R. August 2000. Is Global Warming Harmful to Health? Scientific American 50-57. http://www.sciam.com/2000/0800issue/0800epstein.html

26. Erie County. Standing Water Monitoring Report Form. http://www.erie.gov/standing_water_form.phtml

27. Eriksson, P. Developmental neurotoxicity of environmental agents in the neonate.Neurotoxicology, 1997;18(3):719-26.

28. Extension Toxicology Network, A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of Cornell University, et al. Pesticide Information Profiles, methoprene. http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/pips/methopre.htm

28a. Methoprene references previous 3 paragraphs found in reference 28.

29. Extension Toxicology Network, A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of Cornell University, et al., Pesticide Information Profiles, Pyrethrins And Pyrethroids. http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/pips/pyrethri.htm

29a. Extension Toxicology Network, Pesticide Information Profiles, Naled. http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/pips/naled.htm

30. Extension Toxicology Network, Pesticide Information Profiles, temephos. http://ace.ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/pips/temephos.htm

30a. Temephos references previous 3 paragraphs found in reference 30.

31. Fagin, Dan. Newsday. Doubts about Spraying -- Some Experts Call it Ineffective Against West Nile Virus, 11/8/2000. http://www.cfe.cornell.edu/risk/WNV-LArchive/11-8-00.html

32. Fradin, Mark S. Mosquitoes and mosquito repellents: A clinician's guide. MD. Annals of Internal Medicine. June 1, 1998;128:931-940.

33. Gallo, M. A. and Lawryk, N. J. Organic phosphorus pesticides. In Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology. Hayes, W. J., Jr. and Laws, E. R., Jr., Eds. Academic Press, New York, NY, 1991.

34. Forware, R.B., Jr., and Costlow, J.D. Jr. 1978. Sublethal effects of insect growth regulators upon crab larval behavior. Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 9:227-238.

35. Gardens Alive, 5100 Schenley Place, Lawrenceburg, IN 47025. Distributor of BiteBlocker insect repellent. http://www.gardensalive.com/item_display.asp?ProductNumber=3156

36. Garey, Joan, and Mary S. Wolff. 1998. Estrogenic and Antiprohestagenic Activities of Pyrethroid Insecticides. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (3) 251:855-859. http://www.idealibrary.com/links/toc/bbrc/251/3/0

37. Gary Mount. 1998. A Critical Review of Ultralow-Volume Aerosols of Insecticide. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 14(3):305-334

38. Go, Vera, et al. Estrogenic Potential of Certain Pyrethroid Compounds in the MCF-7 Human Breast Carcinoma Cell Line, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 107, no. 3, March 1999, pages 173-177. http://ehpnet1.niehs.nih.gov/docs/1999/107p173-177go/abstract.html

39. Gochfeld, Michael. Professor of Environmental and Community Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and School of Public Health. Public Panic over West Nile Virus. American Butterflies. Summer, 2000. http://www.naba.org/wnvirus.html

40. Golovanova, I. L. et al. Marine Life Damaged by Pesticide Dibrom. Fish Behavior. Proc. All-Union Science Conference, Nov 20-24, pg. 165, 1989.

41. Gonzalez, Juan, New York Daily News, 1/24/01. http://www.nydailynews.com/2001-01-24/News_and_Views/City_Beat/a-97152.asp

42. Gonzalez, Juan. New York Daily News, 4/3/01. Eye on Skeeter-Spray Bid. http://www.nydailynews.com/2001-04-03/News_and_Views/City_Beat/a-105855.asp?last6days=1

43. Gowda, H., R.P. Uppal, B.D. Garg. 1983. Effect of malathion on adrenal activity, liver glycogen, and blood glucose in rats. Indian J. Med. Res. 78:847-851.

44. Grant McCool. N.Y. reports its 14th case of West Nile virus, Reuters Health Information, October 5, 2000.

44a. Greenwich Times, August 19, 2000. "Lobster Die-off Prompts Pesticide Lawsuit." http://www.greenwichtime.com/Greenwich/release/08-19-2000/article3.html

45. Hendrix, Muriel. Working Waterfront, Vol.14, No.2, March 2001.The Island Institute, 386 Main Street, Rockland, Maine 04841. http://www.islandinstitute.org/wwaterfront.tmpl

46. Howard, John J. and Joanne Oliver. Impact of Naled (Dibrom 14) on the Mosquito Vectors of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. Vol. 13, No. 4 (December 1997), pgs. 315-325.

47. Hudson, R. H., et al. Handbook of Toxicity of Pesticides to Wildlife. Resource Publication 153. U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, 1984.5-16.

47a. Ingram, Mrill, et al. Reasons to Protect The Birds and the Bees: How an impending pollination crisis threatens plants and the food on your table. Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. 1998. http://www.desertmuseum.org/fp/ten_reasons.html

48. Ishikawa, S. and M. Miyata. 1980. Development of myopia following chronic organophosphate pesticide intoxication: An epidemiological and experimental study. In Merigan, W.H. and B. Weiss (eds.) Neurotoxicity of the visual system. NY: Raven Press.

49. Jankovic, J. A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive Health Risk. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. 57: 641-649. 1996.

50. Johnson, W. W. and Finley, M. T. Handbook of Acute Toxicity of Chemicals to Fish and Aquatic Invertebrates. Resource Publication 137. U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, 1980.

51. Kidd, H. and James, D. R., Eds. The Agrochemicals Handbook, Third Edition. Royal Society of Chemistry Information Services, Cambridge, UK, 1991 (as updated).

51a. Kittredge, Jack. Social Action Program, Northeast Organic Farming Association. Email correspondence.

52. Kizer, K.W. 1991. Health risk assessment of aerial application of malathion-bait. Summary report. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Health Services.

53. Krause, W. 1977. Influence of DDT, DDVP, and malathion on FSH, LH and testosterone serum levels and testosterone concentration in testes. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 18(2):231-242.

54. Krause, W., et al. 1976. Damage to spermatogenesis in juvenile rat treated with DDVP and malathion. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 15(4):458-462.

55. Levine, Hallie. New York Post, Sunday, April 1, 2001. Docs Testing Virus Drug. http://www.nypostonline.com/news/regionalnews/27746.htm

56. Lindsay, A.E. 1991. Memo to Douglas D. Campt, director, U.S. EPA Office of Pesticide Programs. Section 18-USDA quarantine exemptions for use of malathion and diazinon to eradicate exotic fruit fly species in Florida. (October 16)

57. Lindsay, L.R., et al. 1996. Field Evaluation of the Efficacy of Three DruideReg. Citronella-Based Repellents to Protect Against Aedes Species Mosquitoes in Ontario. 154, Prom. Oneida, Pointe-Claire, Quebec H9R 1A8.

58. Lindsay, L.R., et al. 1996. Evaluation of the Efficacy of 3% Citronella Candles and 5% Citronella Incense for Protection Against Field Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 12 (2): 293-294.

59. Ludwig Maximilians University, Physiological Institute. Toxicology Letters, 1999 June 30;107(1-3):161-76.

60. Maggie Fox, Common chemical may be to blame for dead frogs. Reuters wire service August 5, 1998.

61. Maine Board of Pesticide Control. Mosquito Product Review, Draft, February 26, 2001.

62. Maine Forest Service Website, Mosquito Information. http://www.state.me.us/doc/mfs/mosquito.htm

63. Martindale, Diane. Lobsters are the first victims of New York's pesticide frenzy. New Scientist magazine, 12 August 2000. http://www.newscientist.com/news/news_225127.html

63a. Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Surveillance and Response Plan to Reduce the Risk of West Nile virus Transmission and Human Encephalitis, Version 2. April 25, 2001. http://www.Magnet.state.ma.us/dph/wnv/wnv1.htm.

64. Massey, Rachel. Rachel's Environment & Health News #709. West Nile Virus -- Part 1, October 12, 2000. Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box 5036, Annapolis, MD 21403-7036. http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=1879&bulletin_ID=78

65. Massey, Rachel. Rachel's Environment & Health News #710. West Nile Virus -- Part 2, October 26, 2000. Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box 5036, Annapolis, MD 21403-7036. http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=1891&bulletin_ID=78

66. Mbugua, Martin. New York Daily News, 9/28/2000. http://www.nydailynews.com/2000-09-28/News_and_Views/Beyond_the_City/a-81856.asp

67. McKenney, Charles L., Jr. 1998. Development of Crustacean Larvae as Biomarkers of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in the Marine Environment (Abstract). American Society for Testing and Materials, 20-22 April 1998, Atlanta, GA. Pp. 82. http://www.epa.gov/gbwebdev/ged/publica/keycb3.htm

68. Mehl, Anna et al. The effect of trichlorfon and other organiphosphates on prenatal brain development in the guinea pig. Neurochemical Research, 19(5),569-574, 1994.

69. Montague, Peter. Rachel's Environment & Health News, #395 - Risk Assessment -- Part 3: Which Problems Shall We Ignore, June 23, 1994. Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box 5036, Annapolis, MD 21403-7036. http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=732&bulletin_ID=48

70. Montague, Peter. Rachel's Environment & Health News, #562 - The Causes Of Lymph Cancers, September 04, 1997. Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box 5036, Annapolis, MD 21403-7036. http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=561&bulletin_ID=48

71. Montague, Peter. Rachel's Environment & Health News, #586 - The Precautionary Principle, February 19, 1998. Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box 5036, Annapolis, MD 21403-7036. http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=532&bulletin_ID=48

72. Montague, Peter. Rachel's Environment & Health News, #623 - Another Pesticide Surprise, November 05, 1998. Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box 5036, Annapolis, MD 21403-7036. http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=1184&bulletin_ID=48

73. Mueller-Beilschmidt, Doria. 1990. Toxicology and Environmental Fate of Synthetic Pyrethroids. Journal of Pesticide Reform 10 (3).

74. Narahashi, T. Nerve membrane ion channels as the target site of environmental toxicants, Environmental Health Perspectives,1987 April;71:25-9.

75. Narahashi, T. Neuronal ion channels as the target sites of insecticides, Pharmacol Toxicology, 1996 July;79(1):1-14.

75a. National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Region. http://www.w.wh.whoi.edu/press_release/news99.10.html

76. Neighborhood Pesticide Action Committee (NPAC) WNV Fact Sheet. NPAC, PO Box 115, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130. http://www.orgsites.com/ma/npac/_pgg1.php3

77. New York City Department of Health, West Nile Virus: A Briefing, City Health Information, Vol. 19, No. 1, May 2000, pg. 2. http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/html/doh/pdf/chi/chi19-1.pdf

78. New York City Department of Health Bureau of Communicable Disease, Questions and Answers About West Nile Fever. http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/html/doh/html/cd/cdwnf.html

79. New York Public Interest Research Group, Interview with Dr. Ray Parsons. Harris County (Texas) Mosquito Control Division. September 11, 1999. http://www.nypirg.org/mosquito.html

80. New York State Attorney General's Office, Press release, August 2, 2000. http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/2000/aug/aug02b_00.html

81. No Spray Coalition. Press release. 1/24/01. P.O. Box 334, Peck Slip Station, New York, NY 10272-0334. http://www.safe2use.com/ca-ipm/01-01-25a.htm

82. No Spray Coalition. Press release. 1/25/01. P.O. Box 334, Peck Slip Station, New York, NY 10272-0334. http://www.rootmedia.org/nospray/anvil_info.htm

83. No Spray Coalition Technical Bulletin, 10/24/00. P.O. Box 334, Peck Slip Station, New York, NY 10272-0334. http://www.nospray.org/technical.html

83a. Following references on pyrethroids compiled by No Spray Coalition in Medical studies indicating health hazards from pyrethroid pesticides fact sheet. http://www.nospray.org/pyrethroids.html

84. Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides (NCAP). Malathion Insecticide Factsheet. Journal of Pesticide Reform, Winter 1992, Vol 12 #4. http://www.pesticide.org/malathion.pdf

84a. Malthion references last 5 paragraphs found in reference 84.

85. Occupational Health Services, Inc. "Pyrethrum." Material Safety Data Sheet. 1 April 1987. New York: OHS, Inc.

85a.Pollack, Marjorie P. Newsday.com, March 28, 2000. "Lobster Die-off – USA (Long Island Sound):Update." http://lama.kcc.hawaii.edu/praise/news/eh99.html

86. PRNewswire, August 2, 2000. NIH Funds Development of West Nile Virus Vaccine. http://www.cfe.cornell.edu/risk/WNV-LArchive/8-2-00(2).html

87. New York Times, 1/25/01. Workers Say Chemicals Used in Mosquito Spraying Made Them Ill. http://www.meepi.org/wnv/files/25SPRA.html

88. Pest Facts Information Center, Report 4/2/01, Federal Judge Allows Spraying to Continue, http://www.pestfacts.org/media/federaljudge.html

89. Pimentel, David. Amounts of Pesticides Reaching Target Pests: Environmental Impacts and Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Vol. 8, No. 1 (1995), pgs. 17-29.

90. Pinkney, A. E., et al. Effects of the mosquito larvicides temephos and methoprene on insect populations in experimental ponds. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 19(3):678-684. 2000.

91. Pogoda, Janice M. and Susan Preston-Martin, Household Pesticides and Risk of Pediatric Brain Tumors, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 105, no. 11 (November 1997), pages 1214-1220.

92. Pressinger, Richard. The Theory Showing How Pesticides Could Be Increasing the Encephalitis Risk. Chem-Tox website. http://www.chem-tox.com/brevard/encephalitis/index.htm

93. Prickett, P. 1990. Testimony of Patty Prickett regarding continued aerial spraying of malathion. Presented to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee. California State Legislature. (April 17.)

94. Reish, D.J. LeMay, J.A. , and Asato, S.L. 1985. The effect of BTI (H-4) and methoprene on two species of marine invertebrates from southern California estuaries. Bull. Soc. Vector. Ecol., 10(1):20-22.

95. Ray D.E. and P.J. Forshaw. 2000. Pyrethroid Insecticides: Poisoning Syndromes, Synergies, and Therapy. Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology 38(2):95-101.

96. Reeves, J.D. et al. California Child Leukemia & Aplastic Anemia after Malathion Exposure. The Lancet, pg.300, August 8, 1981.

97. Reigart, J. Routt and James R. Roberts, Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings. (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs, 1999).

98. Reuber, M.D. 1985. Carcinogenicity and toxicity of malathion and malaoxon. Environ. Res. 37:119-153.

99. Rodgers, K.E., N. Leung, and C.F. Ware. 1988. Effects of acute administration of O,S,S-trimethyl phosphorodithioate on the generation of cellular and humoral immune responses following in vitro stimulation. Toxicology 51:241-253.

100. Rodgers, K.E., M.L. Stern, and C.F. Ware. 1989. Effects of subacute administration of O,S,S- trimethyl phosphorodithioate on cellular and humoral immune response systems. Toxicology 54:183-195. 101. Russell-Manning, B.R. 1990. Malathion: The toxic time bomb. San Francisco, CA: Greensward Press.

102. Saltonstall, Dave. Lobsters Vanish — Fishermen too, Fingers pointed at skeeter spray for L.I.'s dieoff. The New York Daily News, August 6, 2000. http://www.nydailynews.com/2000-08-06/News_and_Views/City_Beat/a-75677.asp

103. Schreck CE, McGovern TP. Repellents and other personal protection strategies against Aedes albopictus. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1989;5:247-50.

103a. Science and Environmental Health Network. Wingspread Statement on the Precautionary Principle. January, 1998. http://www.sehn.org/precaution.html

104. Sugg, William C. Maine Environmental Policy Institute. Personal communication. Includes correspondence, interviews, notes from hearings attended, etc., in preparation of this report. Contact meepi@meepi.org or MEPI, POB 347, Hallowell, ME 04347 for details on a specific reference.

105. Tender Corp., Littleton, New Hampshire. Manufacturer of Natrapel citronella-based insect repellent. http://www.tendercorp.com/natrapel.html

106. Thathoo, A.K. and M.C. Prasad. 1988. Gestational disorders associated with malathion toxicity in sheep. Indian Vet. J. 65:379-382.

107. Toxics Law Daily, 9/14/00. http://subscript.bna.com/SAMPLES/tld.nsf/85256269004a992085256113002144e4/cc29d3b9a3228d468525695a0006fa23?OpenDocument

108. Tsai, T.F., et al. West Nile encephalitis epidemic in southeastern Romania. The Lancet, Volume 352 Issue 9130 Page 767. http://www.thelancet.com/

109. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Update on Current Status of West Nile Virus, Week of 1 October through 7 October, 2000. http:www.aphis.usda.gov/oa/wnv/wnvstats.html

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111. USEPA Biopesticide Fact Sheet, 11/99. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/factsheets/fs128128e.htm

112. USEPA Cancer Assessment Review Committee, Health Effects Division, Office of Pesticide Programs, Cancer Assessment Document #2: Report of the 12-April-2000 Meeting: Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of Malathion. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/malathion.htm

113. USEPA Larvicides Factsheet. May 2000. p. 6-7. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/malathion/larvicides_fact_sheet.pdf

114. USEPA. Mosquitoes: How to Control Them. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/citizens/mosquito.htm

115. USEPA, Naled Summary, October 18, 1999, http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/naled/naledsum.htm

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117. USEPA. R.E.D. Facts: Methoprene. Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Washington, DC, 1991.10-158.

118. USEPA. Guidance for the Reregistration of Pesticide Products Containing Methoprene as the Active Ingredient. Office of Pesticide Programs, Washington, DC, 1982.10-156.

119. U.S. Public Health Service. Hazardous Substance Data Bank. Washington, DC, 1995.5-9 120. University of Pennsylvania Health System, West Nile virus Q&A. http://www.pennhealth.com/health/hi_files/topics/west_nile/treat.html

121. Wargo, John. Our Children's Toxic Legacy (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1996).

122. Yap, H.H., et al. 1996. Field Efficacy of a Pyrethroid Microemulsion (Pesquard PS 102) as ULV Ground Aerosols against Three Urban Mosquito Species. Tropical Biomedicine 13(1):59-63.

123. Zahm, S.H. et al. The role of agricultural pesticide use in the development of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in women, Archives of Environmental Health Vol. 48, No. 5 (September 1993), pgs. 353-358, which found a 4-fold increase in NHL among women exposed to organophosphates.

124. Zoecon Corporation. Technical Bulletin on Altosid. Toxicological properties, Dallas, TX, 1974.10-159.